Uludağ, known as Olympos Misios in the antiqueperiod, is one of the first class skiing venues of Turkey. The lower limit of the skiing area is 2.000 mand upper limit 2.453 m. The mountain is usually covered with snow during period of december may,and the thickness of snow rises to 23m. Sarialan,one of the important developing parts of the park, is 11 km to the Karabelen entrance gate. In this region where can be reached only by cable car, there are summer camp rooms, fountains, and WCs. Kirazlıyayla is 6 km distant to the entrance gate. Hotels Region and the Skiing Centre, Çobankaya and Bakacak are among the other foremost regions. Uludağ National Park renowned for its incredible natural structure and richness of its flora and faunahas 4 public areas and two of them are camping sites. These are; Sarialan, Çobankaya, Kirazliyaylaand Karabelen camping and visiting sites. Besides, there are 17 touristic facilities pertaining to skiingand tourism in Uludağ. Also, there are 16 facilities belonging to various public institutions. In the 2nd Development Site which had been declared as a touristic area in 1986. Average number of people visiting Bursa annuallyis 600.000. The average number of vehicles entering daily from Karabelen entrance gate is 265. The number of visitors is elevated during July August, winter season, january february periods. The visitors coming to Uludağ National Park are generally native visitors and tourists from abroad visit here in summer as well.
Uluabat Lake with Silverfish
This is a lake situated to the North of Marmara Sea with shallow, blurry, eutrophic freshwater attributes. It was formed at the Yenişlehir Bursa Gönen depression area which has a tectonic origin running along the eastwest direction. The lake can be roughly said to have a shape of triangle and the widthof the lake is 12 km and its length from east to east direction is 2324 km. There are 7 islands on the lake.The largest of these islands which have limestoneas the dominant factor of their structure, is Halilbey Island. M. Kemalpaşa brook is the most important water source feeding the lake. The karst sources deep underand around the lake and the brooks reaching tothe lake in rainy seasons contribute water supply tothe lake. Fishing is widely practised and the hunted cray fishes are being exported. Uluabat lake, known as Apolyont Lake as well, is an important habitat for breeding of little cormorants (300 pairs), squacco herons (30 pairs), and European white pelicans (75 pairs). In winter, many birds including; little cormorants (max.1078), crested pelican (max.136), tufted ducks (max.321.500) inhabit the lake. 429.423 water birds were counted throughout the area on January, 1996 and this is the highest number reported since 1970. The lake was declared to be a Ramsar site in 1998. Uluabat Management Plan targets to; decrease the pollution of the lake, sustain fishing and to use the natural sources in a reasonable way, enrich the wildlife, share the information pertaining to the values area includes.
One of the unique beauties existing within borders of Bursa is the Gölyazi village located on the coast of Uluabat Lake. The trees submerging under water half way to their trunks because of the elevating water level, ducks cruising like a never ending sweet melody on the same waters, narrow streets with cobble stone pavements, are only a few of the beauties of that village, known as Apolyont in the Antiqueages. This place, completely declared as a SIT area, especially attracts people with its church and the Apollon Temple.
Suuçtu Waterfall is located 20 kilometers South of the Mustafakemalpaşa county, at the township of Çataltepe, 86 kilometers away from Bursa city. The asphalt road, starting from the county-center and leading to Muradiyesarnıç village over Yalıntaş, ends at the picnic and recreation area 20 meters away from the Suuçtu Waterfall. Although the water of the Suuçtu Falls, flowing on Karadere creek, created by the collapse of the fault line, decreases in summer, but falling down from 38 meters, the lagoon at the bottom of the waterfall, offers a great view, especially for photographers. At Çataltepe location, where the visitors can also enjoy nature walks in addition to picnicking, there are several trout resorts, as well.
Karacabey Longoz Forests – South
The swamp (flooded) forests in Karacakaya, called Longoz Forests, are found only in two other locations in Turkey; one in İğneada, Kırklareli and the other one in Acarlar, Sakarya. To reach the Longoz forests, a right turn at the 52nd kilometer of the Bursa- Izmir driveway is necessary, then to the Cambaz-Seyran Village road. Following this road will lead to Boğaz Village. The track starts at the unpaved path on the right side of the Longoz Forests sign. There are several other paths, connecting to a more significant road passing through 2,5 kilometers of the Northern regions of the track. The ground of the flooded forest is under water most of the year, and with the approach of spring, various ponds are formed here and there, with blooming lotus flowers, creating a rich flora. Additionally, the Longoz (Flooded) Forests is the home of 217 rare bird species, such as the white pelican, owl, bittern/butterbump, sandpiper, ruddy duck, flamingo, spoonbill, thick-knee, swan, pheasant, broadbilled sandpiper, Dalmatian Pelican, crane, green woodpecker, snake eagle and many other reptiles. Therefore, the region attracts researchers, nature photographers and bird watchers.
Do you like watching the sunset? Who doesn’t? Ifyou haven’t been there at Iznik during a sunset, you haven’t started living yet! How many different colors can a lake assume, do you think? Just raised my glass towards the setting sun. You too do yourself a favor. Visit Iznik for a weekend,have some fish, smell the history. Pay a visit to the tile craftsmen’s workshops located at the restored madrasah. İznik Lake a little clue. Not only check the tiles, but also havea look at the shields bequeathed from the Urartu.
Sadağı Canyon, 6 kilometers Southwest of the mountainous Orhaneli county, 58 kilometers away from Bursa, is the second largest canyon of Bursa and the most preferred canyon after İznik Sansarak, that attracts domestic tourists. Just outside the county center, the asphalt road opposite the Karagöz Statue, that is the symbol of Orhaneli county, leads to Sadağı village after passing Serçeler Village. The main entrance of the canyon starts 1,5 kilometer outside the village, behind the barrage. Walking through the Sadağı creek, that flows between boulders up to 60 meters, requires the walker to go into the water sometimes. Due to the opening of a thermal resort and corresponding landscaping near the Sadağı Village, the Sadağı Canyon had gained a driveway leading to the inside of the canyon. The most interesting place in Sadağı Canyon, is the rock bath, believed to be built for the wife of the Roman Emperor Hadrianus, ruled between 117-138 A.C., who built Orhaneli for hunting.
Although three sides of the bath is covered by stone walls, and the 60 degrees hot water is transferred to the thermal resort form the stream it pours from, the rock bath is still intact. The 1,7 kilometer long canyon track has become secure due to the construction of wooden bridges and stairways, yet there are still dangers waiting, while walking in zigzag form on the rocky riverbed.
Kocayayla, the most famous recreation area of Bursa, is 72 kilometers away from Bursa. Kocayayla is said to be used as summer pasture by the Yörük Tribes (Anatolian Nomads) during the founding era of the Ottoman Empire, and according to other legends, the wedding ceremony of Orhan Gazi and Nilüfer Hatun has been celebrated here in this plateau. Kocayayla, happens to be the largest of all plateaus in Turkey with 40 hectares land and 1.200 meters altitude above sea level, and is a popular picnic area for collective picnics, organized by associations, factories, and public servants and their organizations. There are sports facilities, organized picnic fields, a restaurant, field café, kiosk, prayer room, playground, drinking water fountains and public lavatories in Kocayayla, built in cooperation of the Municipality of Keles and the Public Forest Administration. Every year, in June the “Traditional Keles Kocayayla Festivities” are organized. The asphalt road, stretching towards West from Kocayayla, leads to the Kendir Plateau, connects to İnegöl County via Boğazova and Çayyaka village.
A Geography Where Everything Can be Cultivated The Agricultural Structure
Along with Tanzimat, the property right was establisheda nd the lands belonging to State began to change to hand and gain individual property status.Undoubtedly cereals were constituting the largest output of Turkey in agricultural activities. The cerealswere sold in the Cereal Bazaar which is situated beneath the Cumhuriyet Street today. Bursa Plain is a large and fertile plain at the foot of Uludağ. However, until 1930s mostly it was aswamp. Thats why previously people were keepingsheep, cattle and cultivating rice here. First, in Bursa and its surroundings, only various cereals and avery little fruit cultivation was being done. At the coastal area fishing was widely applied. In Karacabey and M. Kemalpafla, cattle and sheep breeders were present. At these times, only merinos sheeps were bred in Karacabey Stud Farm. Even during Tanzimat period, 15.000 merinos sheep were placed and bred on a farm close to Bursa and they were distributed to the surrounding villagers afterwards. Bursa province covers an area of 965.000 hectares.431.000 hectares constitutes the arable agricultural area. Almost every agricultural product is cultivated in Bursa. The general land distribution of Bursa is as follows; agricultural land: 431.000, forest and shrubbery: 445.000, meadows and pastures:42.000, non-agricultural land: 92.000 and watersurface 6.000 hectares. The distribution of cultivated land between agricultural products is as follows;field area: 303.000, vegetables: 57.000, fruits:27.000, vineyards 9.000, and olive groves:34.000 hectares. In Bursa, the highest agricultural revenue was gained from fruit products in 2000. The share of fruit products among overall agricultural output is 28%. This share is 24% in vegetables, 22% in animal products, 21% in field products, 4%in chicken, bee, and silkworm and 1% in water products. An inclination towards cattle breeding is observed in Bursa. Due to lack of enough pastures and meadows withinthe province, intensive breeding is widely appliedin open and close barns. The animal distribution of the province is as follows: Sheep 305.000, hair goat 78.000, cattle 144.000, culture breed 78.000,laying hens 2 million, broiler hens 1 million 640.000. The 65% of tomato sauce, 26% of fruit juice and 70% of frozen food in Turkey, are produced in Bursa. According to datas, it is understood that Bursa possesses a significant place in terms of agricultural output as well.
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