Bursa is a city formed by immigrations. There has been various immigration waves to Bursa along history. During these immigrations, various peopleand populations came to Bursa from various regions.Even Tynis, living here before Turks, had immigrated to this wonderful region from Thrace. Then, Turks have come from steppes of middle east. Theclans of Kayi Eğdir, Boğdüz, and Alkaevli have immigrated to Bursa. Later on, the Armenians living Kütahya and thereafter jews have immigratedto Bursa. Following the early period of 15th century, during Celali rebellions, many people running away from various parts of Anatolia have settled here. Sincethese immigrations were of huge magnitude, the population in Bursa between 1530-1573, has become two times higher. After the end of 1877-78 Ottoman-Russian war, Bursa hosted an immigration wave of people floodingfrom Rumeli and Caucasia.
Most of these immigrants which were named “93 immigrants”, have settled to province of Hüdavendigar. In this period, only from city of Rusçuk, 30.000 immigrants have come to Bursa. The ones coming from Kazan settledin Mollaarap, the ones coming from Crimeasettled in Alacahirka and Yeni Mahalle, and the ones coming from Caucasia settled in Yildirim districts. Most of the villages of 93 immigrants were foundedon mountains. Ahmet Vefik Pasha has placed 3857 of Rumeli immigrants to city center and 11591 ofthem to surrounding districts and villages. It is known that until 1886, the number of immigrants came to Bursa was 60.254. As a result of these new immigrations began in 1880′s, 18 new villages and 15 new neighborhoods in central Bursa, 12 new villages in Gemlik, 32 new villages and 3 new neighborhoods in Inegöl were founded In the aftermath of Balkan war in 1912, most of the Turks in occupied Balkan regions have immigrated to Bursa. Because of a new war, these people couldn’t be housed properly and they could be housedonly with the Immigrants of Exchange in 1924. After the War of Independence, in place of Armenian sand Greeks who left the city, the immigrants of Exchang Teaty were brought and housed in Bursa.
According to the treaty signed with Greece, besides the ones who come from Greece, the ones who lost their houses and compelled to leave their hoes were housed in Bursa as well. In this period, we see that 39.808 immigrants have settled in Bursa. As you see, if we add the 93 immigrants to this longlist of immigrants coming to Bursa, you can more easily understand why we call Bursa as a city of immigrants. Bursa was the most preferred city by people immigratingfrom Balkans especially from Bulgaria fromthe beginning of 1950′s. People came to Bursa, were estimated to be approximately 154.000. in immigration of 1951, 115.000 in 1968, and more than200.000 in mandatory immigration of 1989. The ratesof different populations in Bursa were as follows:19% natives, 34% people from abroad, 13%people of east-southeast origin, 18% caucasions, and 9% Karadeniz people. Due to newly founded industrial facilities, Bursawas subjected to a huge flood of immigrants from East Anatolia region since beginning of 1970′s, and especially in the last 10-15 years, has extended to Gürsu and Görükle.
The central Bursa and mostly the provinces of Inegöl, Gemlik, Orhangazi, M. Kemalpaşa, were subjected to a flood of immigrators coming from East Anatolia, Southeast Anatolia, and Karadeniz. In the recent years, immigrants coming from these regions have begun to inhabit villages and form new villages as well.